New book on African Data Privacy Laws

A new book—African Data Privacy Laws (ed) Alex Makulilo— has been recently published by Springer. This volume presents analyses of data protection systems in 20 jurisdictions in Africa. In addition, it covers all sub-regional and regional data privacy policies in Africa including the recently adopted African Union Cyber Security and Data Protection Convention 2014.
Apart from analysing data protection law, the book focuses on the socio-economic contexts, political settings and legal culture in which privacy laws developed and operate in Africa. It bases its analyses on the African legal culture and comparative international data privacy law. This book promises to be a valuable source of literature about privacy and data protection law in Africa and its recent developments of which I am happy to have contributed the chapter on Nigeria.

First plenary Meeting of iCROSS

The first plenary Meeting of the newly established iCROSS project took place on 9-11th November in Budapest. As a part of the LUH project team Jonathan Stoklas and Kai Wendt, both research assistants at the Institute for Legal Informatics, participated. Main issue of the meeting was to visit the Tompa-Kelebia Border Control Point at the frontier between Hungary and Serbia, one of the European Unions external borders. Frontier officers explained the current procedure of border passing while the participants could observe the actual traffic.

Main goal of the iCROSS project is to enable a fast and efficient border control for third country nationals passing the European Borders. The project re-engineers the system of border crossing by enabling an automated control. It envisages a two step system: Within a first step, the so-called pre-registration phase, travellers are informed about the procedure and their rights. Furthermore, all necessary data, such as those contained in travel documents, is gathered. Planned is a first interview with an avatar, a lie detection test and the creation of a link to any pre-existing authority data.

Secondly, the existing border control workflows are expanded by relevant nodes with state of the art technology to ensure a quick, secure and efficient treatment of the traveller. Security controls can be performed with a portable, wireless connected unit and gathered results are complemented with the data won in phase one. Multiple technologies enable to check the validity and authenticity of documents. In the process many data are collected, which makes it essential to assure a securely transfer, transparency and the travellers informed consent. The overall goal of iCROSS is to reduce costs of the control and time travellers spend at the border by providing a high standard of security.

The IRI is assigned to data protection issues and is going to assure that all legal requirements, established by several national and international law sources, are met. The work also includes ethical questions concerning privacy, the informed consent and others.

Finally, all steps and procedures are going to be validated in real operation scenarios depicting the variety of cases in Hungary, Greece, Latvia and Poland. More information is available on the Institutes website as well as on




MAPPING Second General Assembly, 31 Oct – 02 Nov 2016, Prague

Online Business, Security and Fundamental Human Rights – Enabling Trust on the Internet

On the last day of the European Cyber Security Month (ECSM)[i], October 31, 2016, the MAPPING Second General Assembly, focused on the interrelated issues Internet governance, Privacy and Intellectual Property Rights, is starting in Prague (CZ). The international debate includes a variety of topics, such as: existing and emerging business models as impacted by the General Data Protection Regulation, law enforcement and Intelligence agency perspectives; the interplay between privacy and intellectual property, critical infrastructures and challenges to freedom of expression.


EVIDENCE Final Conference took place

On the 29th and 30th of September the Evidence Final Conference took place in The Hague. The EVIDENCE project aims at establishing a common European Framework in the domain of digital evidence by providing a road map, consisting of guidelines, technical standards and recommendations to ensure a framework for the application of new technologies in the collection, use and exchange of evidence. As the field of digital evidence is quickly changing and technology is constantly developing, part of the project’s work is to consider legal solutions to ensure an effective criminal investigation and at the same time respecting European values as well as fundamental rights.

Since March 2014 the Institute of Legal Information Theory and Techniques at the National Research Council (CNR-ITTIG) in Italy under the lead of Dr. Maria Angela Biasiotti coordinates the project and thus exchange of knowledge and experience with several project partners, among them the Leibniz Universität Hannover/IRI. On Thursday, 29th Biasiotti gave her welcome speech in front of more than 90 people, which attended seven sessions leading to the final presentation of the EVIDENCE Road Map. The introducing presentations were given by the project partners followed by panel discussions of external experts.

Joseph A. Cannataci, University of Groningen, started with chairing a session on “The State of Electronic Evidence in Europe”, followed by a presentation about “Building Bridges between Different Actors” by Sabine Berghs, a Legal Officer at Interpol, which set the scene for session II chaired by Caroline Goemans-Dorny.

Christian M. Hawellek, research associate at the Institute for Legal Informatics, highlighted the privacy, data protection and international law dimensions of Evidence, which necessarily need to be taken into account, within the session on “Enhancing International Legal Cooperation” that was chaired by Professor Dr. Nikolaus Forgó. Sabine Berghs and Mattia Epifani, CNR-ITTIG, held a presentation on certification and professionalization opening the last session of Day I.

The next day, Fabrizio Turchi from the CNR-ITTIG provided an insight into the Evidence Project Tools Catalogue and the validation, followed by Mattia Epifani introducing “Setting Standards for Representing and Exchanging Evidence”. In the course of the project, a first prototype (proof of concept) of an evidence exchange application was developed that was presented by Nikolaos Matskanis, Centre of Excellence in Information and Communication Technologies (CETIC).

The conference has been the final get-together after 30 months of constant research, development and networking. Interested readers can find further information on the project website,